CENTRAL SECTOR SCHEME ‘DEVELOPMENT AND STRENGTHENING OF INFRASTRUCTURE FACILITIES FOR PRODUCTION AND DISTRIBUTION OF QUALITY SEED’
The restructured Central Sector Scheme “Development and Strengthening of Infrastructure Facilities for Production and Distribution of Quality Seeds” is under implementation from the year 2005-06.
The objective of the scheme is to develop and strengthen the existing infrastructure for the production and distribution of certified /quality seeds to farmers. The details of the components of the scheme are as under:
|(i)||Assistance for Boosting Seed Production in the Private Sector|
|ii)||Seed Village Scheme|
|iii)||Transport subsidy on Movement of seeds|
|iv)||Establishment and Maintenance of Seed Bank|
|v)||Quality Control Arrangements on Seeds|
|vi)||Assistance for Creation/Strengthening of Infrastructure Facilities for production and distribution of quality seeds|
|vii)||Human Resource Development|
|viii)||Boosting Seed Export|
|ix)||Use of Bio-technology in Agriculture|
|x)||Promoting Hybrid Rice Seeds|
|CENTRAL SECTOR SCHEME FOR ‘PROTECTION OF PLANT VARIETIES & FARMERS’ RIGHTS’|
The Expenditure Finance Committee (EFC) has approved the Scheme for PPV&FR for its continuation in 11th Five Year Plan with a total outlay of Rs. 120 crore. The Scheme will have 12 components and will be a back-up support scheme for implementation of provisions of PPV&FR Act, 2001 (53 of 2001) by PPV&FR Authority.
Website of PLANT VARIETIES & FARMERS’ RIGHTS Authority, the Implementing agency of the Scheme
|3||Other Schemes of Government of India Providing Assistance for Seeds|
Under this component, credit linked back-ended capital subsidy is provided at the rate of 25% of the project cost subject to a maximum limit of Rs. 25.00 lakh per unit on seed infrastructure development. Private Companies, individual entrepreneurs, self-help groups, seed co-operatives, partnership farms are eligible for subsidy. The component is implemented through Nationalised Banks/Scheduled Commercial Banks and National Co-operative Development Corporation (NCDC). The assistance is for creation of infrastructure facilities relating to seed cleaning, grading, processing, seed treating, packaging and storage units as well as for seed testing facilities. This assistance is primarily for low value and high volume seeds. National Seed Corporation is the nodal agency for implementation and monitoring of this component.
To upgrade the quality of farmer-saved seed, which is about 80-85% of the total seed used for crop production programme, financial assistance is provided for distribution of foundation/certified seed at 50% cost of the seed of crops for production of certified/quality seeds only and for training on seed production and technology to the farmers.
The seed produced in these seed villages are preserved/stored till the next sowing season. In order to encourage farmers to develop storage capacity of appropriate quality, assistance is given to farmers for making/procuring of Pusa Bin/Mud bin/Bin made from paper pulp for storing of seed produced by the frames on their farms.
This component covers North-Eastern States including Sikkim, Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal and Hill Areas of West Bengal. The component provides for (a) 100% reimbursement of difference between rail and road transportation cost is allowed for the movement of seeds produced outside the State and (b) the actual cost, restricted to maximum limit of Rs. 60 per quintal whichever is less for the movement of seed within the State from State capital / district Headquarters to sale outlets / sale counters.
In order to ensure that seeds are available to the farmers at the time of natural calamities like floods, droughts, etc., a need was felt to establish a Seed Bank to maintain stocks of foundation and certified seeds of different crops/varieties which can be utilized for such contingent requirements. Under this component, crop-wise targets of seeds are fixed for each participating organization for maintenance in the Seed Bank every year.
This component deals with arrangement to regulate the quality of seeds under the Seeds Act,1966, to strengthen quality control organization like State Seed Certification Agencies, State Seed Testing Laboratories, Central Seed Testing Laboratory and Central Seed committee apart from imparting training to officials engaged in the seed sector and for enforcing the seed law in order to ensure the production and distribution of quality seeds to protect the interest of the farmers. This component also deals with the strengthening of National Seeds Research and Training Centre at Varanasi (UP) This Centre is accredited as Central Seed Testing Laboratory and acts as referral seed testing laboratory as well as a premier training centre on all aspects of seed technology to different stakeholders.
This component also aims to provide financial support to Central Seeds Testing Laboratory (CSTL) to perform the following functions: (i) to initiate testing programme in collaboration with notified State Seed Laboratories, design to provide uniformity in test results between all recognized seed labs in India; (ii) to collect data continually on the status of seed sold in the market and to make this data available to Central Seed Committee; (iii) to coordinate and standardize the seed testing procedure in the country.
In order to establish/strengthen infrastructure facilities for production and distribution of quality seeds for the State Seeds Corporations, assistance for creating facilities of seed cleaning, grading, processing, packing and seed storage is provided. Assistance for strengthening of the existing seed corporations with respect to above mentioned infrastructure facilities is also considered on case to case basis. The assistance is available in the form of grant for specific purpose of creating infrastructure facilities mentioned above only.
About 85% of the seeds sown in the country are farm-saved seeds where the quality is not assured. This component has been introduced to upgrade the quality of farm-saved seeds. Dissemination of knowledge and technology transfer of seed production is being done through organizing exhibitions, slide shows, video film shows, field demonstrations, farmers meet, seed day, etc. Provision of technological know-how to farmers is also encouraged them to take up seed production in a big way.
For effective transfer of seed production and seed technology, training programmes for the farmers including women are organized on field to upgrade the quality of farmer saved seeds in association with seed village programme.
Apart from training the farmers in the basic seed production technology, the extension machinery and those involved in seed production, seed storage and seed testing and seed certification are also trained regularly with a view to keep them abreast with the latest technology and practices. Financial Assistance to State Seeds Corporation/ State Seed Certification Agencies are given for imparting training to officials who are engaged in seed development programme, seed quality control and seed law enforcement on a regular basis to achieve the objective of quality seed production and distribution. This component has been merged with the component ‘Seed Village Programme’ from the halfway of the year 2006-07.
It is proposed to obtain the membership of International Organizations like International Seed Testing Association (ISTA) and to participate in the Organisation of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Schemes for the development of Indian Seed Industry and promotion of export of seeds: Presently, no Seed Testing Laboratories and Seed Certification Agencies in public sector in the country are accredited with these international agencies. No funds have been released under this component.
Pursuant to the recommendations of Task Force appointed by the Ministry of Agriculture under the Chairmanship of Dr. M.S. Swaminathan on Application of Biotechnology in Agriculture, this component is being implemented for providing financial assistance for post-released monitoring of transgenic crops through State Agriculture Universities/Department of Agriculture of States/Krishi Vigyan , strengthening of State Seed Testing Laboratories for quality control of GM seeds, Public Awareness Campaign through SAUs, scientific organizations/institutes , and for Promotion of tissue culture through SAUs/Specialized Institutions/Seed Corporations.
Under this compoment, assistance is provided for production as well as distribution of hybrid rice. Production subsidy @ Rs.20 per kg. and distribution subsidy @Rs.25/- per kg. are given to various beneficiaries.