TABLE-I

SEED  STANDARDS

 

F: Standard for Foundation Class
C:  Standard  for  Certified  Class

L:  Minimum Limits for Labelling

 

Standards and Limits are in Percentage                      Seed Standards for Foundation and Certified

Unless Indicated Otherwise                                       Seed Classes and Minimum Limits for germination

                                                                                 and Purity for Labelling

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

Crops

Pure Seed
minimum

Inter matter
(maximum)

Other crop seeds*** (maximum)

Weed seeds
(maximum)

Objectionable weed seeds (maximum)

**Germination (minimum)

Moisture                (maximum)

Normal                Vapour-proof
container               container

 

F

C

L

F

C

F

C

F

C

F

C

F

C

L

F

C

F

C

Barley

98.0

98.0

97.0

2.0

2.0

10/kg.

0.10

10/kg.

0.10

2/kg.

5/kg.

85

85

75*

12.0

12.0

8.0

8.0

Berseem

98.0

98.0

-

2.0

2.0

0.10

0.50

0.10

0.50

5/kg.

20/kg.

80

80

-

10.0

10.0

7.0

7.0

Castor

98.0

98.0

-

2.0

2.0

None

None

None

None

-

-

70

70

-

8.0

8.0

5.0

5.0

Cotton

98.0

98.0

95.0

2.0

2.0

5/kg.

0.10

5/kg.

0.10

-

-

60

60

65

10.0

10.0

6.0

6.0

Groundnut

96.0

96.0

97.0

4.0

4.0

None

None

None

None

-

-

70

70

70

9.0

9.0

5.0

5.0

Gram

-

-

97.0*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

75*

-

-

-

-

Lucerne

98.0

98.0

-

2.0

2.0

0.10

0.50

0.10

0.50

5/kg.

20/kg.

80

80

-

10.0

10.0

7.0

7.0

Maize:

Inbred

98.0

-

-

2.0

-

0.20

-

None

-

-

-

80

-

-

12.0

-

8.0

-

S. cross

98.0

-

-

2.0

-

0.20

-

None

-

-

-

80

-

-

12.0

-

8.0

-

Hybrids

-

98.0

97.0

-

2.0

-

0.20

-

None

-

-

-

90

80

-

12.0

-

8.0

Composite & Open pollinated variey

98.0

98.0

97.0

2.0

2.0

1.0

1.0

None

None

-

-

90

90

80

12.0

12.0

8.0

8.0

Oats

98.0

98.0

-

2.0

2.0

10/kg.

0.10

10/kg.

0.10

2/kg

5/kg.

85

85

-

12.0

12.0

8.0

8.0

Paddy

98.0

98.0

97.0

2.0

2.0

10/kg.

0.10

10/kg.

0.10

2/kg

5/kg.

80

80

70

12.0

12.0

8.0

8.0

Pearl millet (bajra)

98.0

98.0

96.0

2.0

2.0

10/kg.

0.10

10/kg.

0.10

-

-

75

75

70

12.0

12.0

8.0

8.0

Rape & mustard

97.0

97.0

-

3.0

3.0

0.10

0.50

0.10

0.50

0.050

0.10

85

85

-

8.0

8.0

5.0

5.0

Ragi

-

-

97.0*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

70*

-

-

-

-

Sesamum Sorghum:

97.0

97.0

-

3.0

3.0

0.10

0.20

0.10

0.20

-

-

80

80

-

9.0

9.0

5.0

5.0

Hybrid

98.0

98.0

97.0

2.0

2.0

5/kg.

0.10

5/kg.

0.10

-

-

80

80

70

12.0

12.0

8.0

8.0

Open-pollinated variey

98.0

98.0

97.0

2.0

2.0

5/kg.

0.10

5/kg

0.10

-

-

80

80

70

12.0

12.0

8.0

8.0

Soyabean

97.0

97.0

96.0

3.0

3.0

None

0.050

5/kg

0.10

-

-

70

70

70

12.0

12.0

-

-

Teosinte

98.0

98.0

-

2.0

2.0

0.50

0.10

None

None

-

-

80

80

-

12.0

12.0

-

-

Wheat

98.0

98.0

97.0

2.0

2.0

10/kg.

0.10

10/kg.

0.10

2/kg.

5/kg.

85

85

80

12.0

12.0

8.0

8.0

Clusterbean

98.0

98.0

-

2.0

2.0

0.10

0.20

None

None

-

-

70

70

-

9.0

9.0

-

-

Cowpea

98.0

98.0

97.0*

2.0

2.0

None

0.050

None

0.10

-

-

75

75

70*

9.0

9.0

-

-

Dolichosbean

98.0

98.0

-

2.0

2.0

None

None

None

0.10

-

-

75

75

-

9.0

9.0

7.0

7.0

Frenchbean

98.0

98.0

-

2.0

2.0

None

None

None

0.10

-

-

75

75

-

9.0

9.0

7.0

7.0

Gardenpea

98.0

98.0

96.0*

2.0

2.0

None

0.050

None

None

-

-

75

75

70*

9.0

9.0

8.0

8.0

Cabbage

98.0

98.0

97.0*

2.0

2.0

0.050

0.10

0.050

02.0

-

-

70

70

65*

7.0

7.0

5.0

5.0

Cauliflower

98.0

98.0

97.0*

2.0

2.0

0.050

0.10

0.050

0.20

-

-

65

65

60*

7.0

7.0

5.0

5.0

Chinese cabbage (heading & non-heading)

98.0

98.0

-

2.0

2.0

0.050

0.10

0.050

0.20

-

-

70

70

-

7.0

7.0

5.0

5.0

Knol-kohl

98.0

98.0

97.0*

2.0

2.0

0.050

0.10

0.050

0.20

-

-

70

70

65*

7.0

7.0

5.0

5.0

Amaranthus

95.0

95.0

-

5.0

5.0

0.10

0.50

0.10

0.20

-

-

70

70

-

8.0

8.0

6.0

6.0

Lettuce

98.0

98.0

-

2.0

2.0

None

None

0.050

0.20

-

-

70

70

-

8.0

8.0

6.0

6.0

Kasurimethi

98.0

98.0

-

2.0

2.0

0.050

0.10

0.10

0.20

0.10

0.10

70

70

-

8.0

8.0

-

-

Methi

98.0

98.0

96.0*

2.0

2.0

0.050

0.10

0.10

0.20

0.10

0.10

70

70

65*

8.0

8.0

-

-

Gardenbeet

96.0

96.0

-

4.0

4.0

0.10

0.20

0.10

0.20

-

-

60

60

-

9.0

9.0

8.0

8.0

Spinachbeet (palak)

96.0

96.0

93.0*

4.0

4.0

0.10

0.20

0.10

0.20

-

-

60

60

55*

9.0

9.0

8.0

8.0

Carrot

95.0

95.0

94.0*

5.0

5.0

0.050

0.10

0.10

0.20

-

-

60

60

55*

8.0

8.0

7.0

7.0

Beet root

-

-

94.0*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

55*

-

-

-

-

Onion

98.0

98.0

97.0*

2.0

2.0

0.050

0.10

0.10

0.20

-

-

70

70

65*

8.0

8.0

5.0

5.0

Radish

98.0

98.0

97.0*

2.0

2.0

0.050

0.10

0.10

0.20

-

-

70

70

65*

6.0

6.0

5.0

5.0

Turnip

98.0

98.0

97.0*

2.0

2.0

0.050

0.10

0.10

0.20

-

-

70

70

65*

6.0

6.0

5.0

5.0

Brinjal

98.0

98.0

97.0*

2.0

2.0

None

None

None

None

-

-

70

70

65*

8.0

8.0

6.0

6.0

Capsicum

98.0

98.0

-

2.0

2.0

0.050

0.10

0.050

0.10

-

-

60

60

-

8.0

8.0

6.0

6.0

Chilli

98.0

98.0

97.0*

2.0

2.0

0.050

0.10

0.050

0.10

-

-

60

60

55*

8.0

8.0

6.0

6.0

Okra (bhindi)

99.0

99.0

98.0*

1.0

1.0

None

0.050

None

None

None

None

65

65

60*

10.0

10.0

8.0

8.0

Tomato

98.0

98.0

97.0*

2.0

2.0

0.050

0.10

None

None

-

None

70

70

65*

8.0

8.0

6.0

6.0

Cucurbits:

Cucumber

99.0

99.0

-

1.0

1.0

0.050

0.10

None

None

None

None

60

60

-

7.0

7.0

6.0

6.0

Bittergourd

99.0

99.0

-

1.0

1.0

0.050

0.10

None

None

None

None

60

60

-

7.0

7.0

6.0

6.0

Bottlegourd

99.0

99.0

-

1.0

1.0

0.050

0.10

None

None

None

None

60

60

-

7.0

7.0

6.0

6.0

Ridgedgourd

99.0

99.0

-

1.0

1.0

0.050

0.10

None

None

None

None

60

60

-

7.0

7.0

6.0

6.0

Spongegourd

99.0

99.0

-

1.0

1.0

0.050

0.10

None

None

None

None

60

60

-

7.0

7.0

6.0

6.0

Snakegourd

99.0

99.0

-

1.0

1.0

0.050

0.10

None

None

None

None

60

60

-

7.0

7.0

6.0

6.0

Indian squash

99.0

99.0

-

1.0

1.0

0.050

0.10

None

None

None

None

60

60

-

7.0

7.0

6.0

6.0

Longmelon

99.0

99.0

-

1.0

1.0

0.050

0.10

None

None

None

None

60

60

-

7.0

7.0

6.0

6.0

Muskmelon

99.0

99.0

98.0*

1.0

1.0

0.050

0.10

None

None

None

None

60

60

65*

7.0

7.0

6.0

6.0

Watermelon

99.0

99.0

98.0*

1.0

1.0

0.050

0.10

None

None

None

None

60

60

65*

7.0

7.0

6.0

6.0

Pumpkin

99.0

99.0

-

1.0

1.0

0.050

0.10

None

None

None

None

60

60

-

7.0

7.0

6.0

6.0

Summersquash

99.0

99.0

-

1.0

1.0

0.050

0.10

None

None

None

None

60

60

-

7.0

7.0

6.0

6.0

Wintersquash

99.0

99.0

-

1.0

1.0

0.050

0.10

None

None

None

None

60

60

-

7.0

7.0

6.0

6.0

Jute

97.0

97.0

-

3.0

3.0

20/kg.

0.10

20/kg.

0.10

-

-

80

80

-

9.0

9.0

7.0

7.0

Mesta

98.0

98.0

-

2.0

2.0

20/kg.

0.10

20/kg.

0.10

-

-

80

80

-

8.0

8.0

-

-

Sunnhemp

97.0

97.0

-

3.0

3.0

5/kg.

0.10

0.10

0.20

-

-

80

80

-

10.0

10.0

-

-

 

Note:

1.    denotes that the standard has not been prescribed.
2.    

*  denotes that the standard has been recommended by the Central Seed Committee but official notification has not been issued as yet.

3.      Seed standards for “Other distinguishable varieties” have been prescribed for some crops as given below:

      

            

 

Crop       

Seed standard for other distinguishable
          varieties (maximum) (%)

 

F

C

Soyabean

0.10

0.50

Dolichos bean

0.10

0.20

Garden pea

0.10

0.50

Lettuce

0.10

0.20

Methi

0.10

0.20

Bitergourd

0.10

0.20

Ridgedgourd

0.10

0.20

Cowpea

0.10

0.20

Frenchbean

0.10

0.20

Amaranthus

0.10

0.20

Kasurimethi

0.10

0.20

Carrot

0.10

0.20

Cucumber

0.10

0.20

Bottlegourd

0.10

0.20

Spongegourd

0.10

0.20

Indian squash

0.10

0.20

Musk melon

0.10

0.20

Pumpkin

0.10

0.20

Snakegourd

0.10

0.20

Lon melon

0.10

0.20

Water melon

0.10

0.20

Summer squash

0.10

0.20

Winter squash

0.10

0.20

  

4.     

 The minimum levels of germination for labelling in cotton, musk melon and water melon are higher  than the corresponding standards for foundation and certified classes, because the labelling minima in  cotton, musk melon and water melon are based on the 1969-70 standards for certification. With the revised Minimum Seed Certification Standards of 1971 taking effect these labelling minima for germination in cotton, musk melon, and water melon will be lowered by the Central Seed Committee in due course.

5.    

**denotes that germination includes hard seeds in the case of  berseem, Lucerne, soyabean, cluster bean, cowpea, dolichos bean, kasuri methi, methi, okra and sunnhemp.

6.    ***denotes that other crop seeds includes other distinguishable varieties in the case of maize.
7. Germination percentage in the case of groundnut is for hand-shelled kernels.